Monday, 27 April 2015

R.C.M.P police training.......(blog 99)

A contentious issue just before my trial began was about the fingernail clippings. After all my accuser told police upon arrival that among other things that " he had stuck his fingers inside me", thus the reason why they wanted to obtain samples from my fingernails after all she had also said "this happened 10 minutes before police arrived" so they kept me in cuffs until the DNA samples could be obtained. They in fact were and there is acknowledgment that they obtained them all and in fact they were tested as well as many other DNA samples from her body, etc and all of them cleared me.
What I find as just plain ignorance is that each of the officers and their boss was asked if they had ever done that before by the crowns lawyer in an attempt to belittle the findings should they ever come out.

Well in fact here is a part of a diary from a RCMP officer during cadet training that describes in weeks what they do and learn. I have added the whole week summarization titled " Major crimes" feel free to read it and look at that which I highlight.

Week 19: Major Crimes
“CSI Regina?”


As we progress toward the end of training, the files and scenarios are getting a little more involved and, for a lack of a better word, serious. Not that they were not serious before, however the cases are more complex and the offences carry more serious consequences. This week we started Major Crime Investigations and crime scene management. For cases like these, there are so many details and aspects to consider: many members are usually involved, a lot of evidence is collected, and ample analyses of exhibits are conducted at forensic labs. Having walked through a number of the steps in such an investigation (and there are many things that we did not explore in detail), I'm even more convinced that television shows like CSI could not possibly function on 43 minutes of episode and 17 minutes of commercials (you would need a lot more commercials if you were actually waiting for analysis reports to come back from the lab). In addition to reiterating that television is a far stretch from reality, I also learned plenty about collecting and documenting evidence, where it needs to be sent and how to take proper DNA samples.

Other fun stuff this week included tactical shooting in Firearms. This included shooting from inside or behind vehicles as well as shooting at a target while in motion. These are always entertaining, as you'll undoubtedly have one or two in each group who has to try something different (most likely something shown on television, perhaps during an episode of CSI).

While on the subject of blood and gore, we had our third and final PARE earlier in the week. I'm happy to report that I took another five seconds off my time. I also took great satisfaction in knowing that I will not have to endure this lung-burning, gut-wrenching exercise ever again! Well, not so much, but so long as I'm a cadet, I'll be PARE-free. [Ed.’s Note: Regular Members are required to do the PARE as part of their Period Health Assessment.]

Following my farewell PARE, I finally got the news. The jury had been out on this decision for almost two weeks, and finally the verdict on my detachment posting came in. Although I know very little about the area, I'm glad to finally have a better idea of where I'll be in five weeks time.

It's strange to be discussing postings when not that long ago we were being overwhelmed with the never-ending firsts. Now we're closing in on the final tests/evaluations: final PARE, final exam, final detachments, etc. We have even started preparing for our pass-out in Drill. It never ceases to amaze me that simple Drill movements can be choreographed into a succession of complicated-looking footwork (quite similar to those of the Musical Ride). I actually attended the peer performance of our big brother troop who are graduating this coming week. It's hard to believe but we're only four troops away from the big day ourselves!

So in fact we know that they were taught this during forensic evidence training. But when each officer is asked the question they say:
Corporal Dozios says:
39  Q   The technique of clipping fingernails from an accused, was that something that you
40   had experience with before this occasion?
41  A   No, it was not.

Constable MC Donald says:
16 Q Had you ever been involved in that kind of -- that specific forensic, I’ll call it, a
17 process before of taking fingernail clippings?
18 A No, I haven’t, no.

Constable Parker says:
39 trying to catch the clippings.
41 Q Was that a process or technique that you had been involved with before?
1 A No. No. Collecting exhibits, yes, but I’ve never personally clipped somebody’s
2 nails before.

Constable Folk says:
Well apparently he was never asked but he clearly does state that he wasn't involved but did observe.

Please read the following and decide for yourself. Not only are they trained but this next portion please read the highlighted areas or all of it for that matter.

Section VII

Appendix F: Forensic Evidence, Services and Laboratories

Forensic Evidence

  • Forensic evidence is invaluable in supporting the testimony of victims of sexual assault.
  • The purpose of forensic analysis of specimens is to establish one or more of the following:
    • That there was some form of association between the victim and the accused.
    • That sexual contact occurred.
    • That the assault was violent or forceful, thereby indicating lack of consent.
    • That the victim may have been drugged.
  • Types of forensic analyses most useful in sexual assault are as follows:
    • Identification of semen or other bodily fluids.
    • Forensic DNA analysis.
    • Hair examination (suitability for DNA analysis).
    • Textile damage assessment.
    • Examinations involving fibres and other types of trace evidence.
    • Drug screen (including alcohol) in bodily fluids (blood and urine).
  • In some situations, it may be impossible to collect certain specimens for forensic analysis. The availability of specimens depends on the sex of the perpetrator, the nature of the molestation (fondling vs. penetration) and the time between the event and the examination. An interval of more than 48 hours or cleansing the sexually abused areas will reduce the availability of specimens and the strength of forensic evidence.
  • ( She alleges the act had occurred 10 minutes before the police arrived. She states that "he had stuck his fingers inside me", "He disrobed and was about to have sex with me when my Mother came home", "he sucked on my breasts", "He choked me and ground his fist into my head", "He unbuckled my belt, unbuttoned the button and the zipper" Yet there is absolutely zero DNA either on myself or her!) No fingerprints,no Fibers or hairs,No DNA in anyway.

  • When specimens are being collected as forensic evidence with the objective of establishing the identification of the perpetrator, certain strict guidelines must be followed. This is essential if the information gathered is to be unequivocally accepted in court. Particular attention must be paid to the manner of collection, the labelling and identification of individual specimens, and obtaining signed specific consent forms. For details on the collection of specimens for forensic analysis, local police authorities should be consulted (see Forensic Laboratories, below).
Collection of specimens
  • Physicians should familiarize themselves with the test kit before they need to use it.
  • Sexual assault examination kits differ by jurisdiction. An approved sexual assault examination kit should be used for the collection of specimens. Local practices and the instructions contained within the sexual assault kit should be carefully followed.
  • An attempt should be made to obtain specimens of seminal fluid (pristine material) from all possible sites with sterile cotton swabs. The swabs should then be allowed to air dry. The forensic laboratory will examine these specimens for the presence of semen and conduct DNA typing.
  • Any residual fluids from affected areas, such as the vaginal vestibule, should be collected by aspiration. A sterile eye dropper is ideal for this purpose in children.
    • Before aspiration, the area should be moistened with 1–2 mL of sterile saline.
    • Depending on local policies and the availability of appropriate equipment and training, samples can be examined for the presence of motile sperm. A positive finding suggests that the sexual activity occurred less than 6 hours previously. Confirmation of the presence of spermatozoa by the forensic laboratory is essential.
    • ( She was in fact given a rape kit at the hospital, yet that showed nothing as well. So are we to believe the doctor was incompetent as well? She was also asked if she had showered or washed in any way since the alleged incident and she resounded "NO")
  • Demonstration of saliva on the body or clothing of the person who has been abused or assaulted may provide valuable forensic evidence.
    • Samples from the body can be collected with a sterile cotton swab. The swab should be moistened slightly with distilled water and rubbed over the affected area of the body. The specimen should be allowed to dry and then packaged and labelled.
    • If a child or adult is unclear about which area(s) is (are) affected, the common target areas (the neck, breast, belly, genital area, penis, thighs and buttocks) may be swabbed; a separate swab should be used for each area and labelled accordingly.
  • Judgment is required in deciding whether these investigations are sensible. It is pointless to collect such samples if weeks have elapsed since the incident or if the critical areas have since been bathed.
  • The body and the clothing worn at the time of the incident may contain trace evidence (foreign material left by the perpetrator). Items commonly encountered include hair from any part of the body, clothing fibres, lubricants, petroleum jelly and lipstick. Any suspicious hair or fibre material found on the body of the person should be removed with forceps, folded in a piece of clean paper and put in a separate, properly labelled envelope. Suspicious material such as lubricants, petroleum jellies and lipstick on the body of the person should be removed using a sterile swab, then packaged and labelled. Each item of clothing worn by the person should be packaged separately and labelled.
  • ( They in fact did this and there is an evidence seizure list and still nothing)
  • If the assaulted or abused person has reached puberty, the pubic hair should be combed and the comb, as well as any free hair collected, should be folded in a piece of paper or tissue and put in a labelled envelope or placed in a plastic bag and then sealed and labelled. Hairs can be assessed to determine their body area of origin (pubic, scalp or body hair). In addition, the root portions of any hairs may be suitable for DNA analysis.
  • Fingernail scrapings/clippings should be collected if there is a possibility that the perpetrator was scratched during the incident. The forensic laboratory will examine these samples for the presence of blood and foreign DNA. Clippings can be collected using clean nail clippers or scissors, folded into a piece of paper or tissue and placed into a labelled envelope or container. Fingernail scrapings can be collected using a nail scraper and the scraper and debris folded into a piece of paper or tissue and placed into a labelled envelope or container.
Collection of known samples for DNA analysis
It is essential for DNA typing analysis to collect a known sample from the victim. A blood stain, mouth swab or pulled hair sample can be collected as a known sample from the victim following the instructions provided in the approved sexual assault examination kit. A known blood stain is the preferred sample to be collected from the victim. A known blood stain, mouth swab or pulled hair sample can also be collected using the appropriate consent sample collection kits that are available from the Case Receipt Units of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police Forensic Laboratory Services.
Collection of samples for toxicological analysis
Blood and urine samples should be collected from the victim for toxicological analyses using the blood collection tube and urine jar provided in the sexual assault kit or grey-stoppered blood collection tubes available at the hospital.

Forensic Services

  • Investigative and scientific forensic laboratory services to detect evidence of sexual assault and abuse are available throughout Canada.
  • Services are supplied by the Royal Canadian Mounted Police and by federal, provincial, regional and local agencies and police forces.
  • Current legislation on the abuse of children obliges physicians to notify local child protection agencies of such cases. These local agencies maintain close liaison with police force personnel familiar with the investigation of suspected abuse and with the availability of forensic laboratory services.
  • Physicians should not submit specimens for forensic study directly to laboratories. This should be done through police services.
  • Physicians wishing to consult scientists on forensic matters may do so by contacting the nearest laboratory.
  • Most forensic evaluations do not include tests to detect sexually transmitted infections.
So in the end not only do we discover that the police are in fact trained, are in fact trained in taking exhibits, i.e clothing but in fact in my case they had. Fingernail testing and that of the testing of her and the clothing would have shown something if anything had occurred. This is the reason they all play dumb, "never did that before". This is the reason why they destroyed the clothing and the scene photo's. One should wonder why there was no hair, no fibers,no saliva,no skin cells,no fingerprints and no physical signs of any abuse to even warrant a photograph. Remember, it wasn't just She and I that were tested it was also the clothing,etc. 
Yet I question why none of these officers were charged with perjury for this lie and the many others they told.